There are an abundance of benefits to planting your own garden. Not only will it give you a chance to increase your fruit and vegetable consumption, it will give you an opportunity to try different varieties of produce. Plus, you can have control over the fertilizers and pesticides that come into contact with your food. Another positive advantage to gardening is a chance to teach your children about the origins of the food they eat. And of course, it can help save you money.
Here are few basic steps to help you get started on your garden:
- Determine the best location. Take sunlight into consideration.
- Plan the layout and type/variety of plants you want to grow based on what you like to eat. Keep in mind how much space you have to work with and growing conditions.
- Get your supplies, including seeds, plants, equipment, etc. Meijer has a everything you need
- Prepare soil
- Plant (see below)
- Mulch/Control weeds
It is helpful to have an idea of what and when to plant based on your states hardiness zone. Visit this website for more information. You can find a detailed map and planting schedule for your state.
To start seeds indoors, here are a few helpful tips:
- Start early – six weeks before late frost.
- Plant the seeds in trays using a potting mix, not soil (one part each: peat moss, vermiculite, perlite).
- Scatter seeds over the surface in a thin layer and cover it with soil according to the seed package directions.
- Cover the trays with plastic and create holes for ventilation. When seedlings appear, remove the plastic.
- Label each tray so you know what you are growing.
- Place the trays in bright light and keep them at 65-75 degrees. You can use grow lights and heating mats to help.
- Water carefully, you can even use a spray bottle.
- When at least two sets of leaves appear, gradually transfer the plants outside over a period of two weeks. This will help them adapt to the outdoor conditions.
If you don’t have a lot of room, consider container gardening. You can start by planting your favorite herbs and expand from there. Plants that do great in containers include:
- Greens (spinach, chard, kale, etc.)
Choose the largest container you can for the space available and be sure there are holes in the bottom for drainage. Remember to keep the root system/pot depth in mind. Plan to water your plants often, unless you are using a self-watering container. The soil needs to be well aerated and drained, but still able to hold in moisture. For more information on container gardening, visit this page.